Hyderabad's History contain many images and items of information for people interested in the history of Hyderabad

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Welcome to Hyderabad History

Hyderabad is an historic city noted for its many monuments, masjids, temples, churches, and bazaars. A multitude of influences has shaped the character of the city in the last 400 years.
The city is forming its role and outlook as part of the booming service industry revolution, and is trying to preserve and popularize its history.

Hyderabad History

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Pictures of Hyderabad History, Hyderabad Rulers & Present Hyderabad.

Qamar-Uddin-Khan - The Ruler

NIZAM-UL-MULK - Asaf Jah 1

Nizam Ali Khan - Asaf Jah 2

 

Sikander Jah - Asif Jah 3

Nasir-Ud-Dowla - Asaf Jah 4

Afzal-Ud-Doula - Asaf Jah - 5

Mehboob Ali Pasha - Asaf Jah 6

Osman Ali Pasha - Asaf Jah - 7

Sir Osman Ali Khan MP, GCSI, GBE Asaf Jah VII, born Usman Ali Khan Bahadur (; April 6, 1886 – February 24, 1967), was the last Nizam (or ruler) of the Princely State of Hyderabad and of Berar. He ruled Hyderabad between 1911 and 1948, until it was merged into India. He was styled His Exalted Highness The Nizam of Hyderabad.

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The Qutb Shahis: Qutb Shahi dynasty

Portrait of Muhammed Quli Qutb Shah[edit] The Golconda SultanateIn 1463, Sultan Mohammad Shah Bahmani dispatched Sultan Quli Qutb-ul-Mulk to the Telangana region to quell disturbances. Sultan Quli quelled the disturbance and was rewarded as the administrator of the region. He established a base at Kakatiya hill fortress of Golconda which he strengthened and expanded considerably. By the end of the century, Quli ruled from Golconda as the Subedar of Andhra lands. Quli enjoyed virtual independence from Bidar, where the Bahmani sultanate was then based. In 1518, he declared independence from the Bahmani Sultanate and established the Golconda Sultanate under the title Sultan Quli Qutub Shah. This was the start of the Qutb Shahi Dynasty. The Bahmani Sultanate disintegrated into five different kingdoms, with the others based in Ahmednagar, Berar, Bidar and Bijapur.

[The Founding of a New CityMohammed Quli Qutub Shah of the Qutub Shahi dynasty built the city of Hyderabad on the Musi River five miles (8 km) east of Golconda in 1589. The Purana Pul ("old bridge") spanning the Musi was built a few years earlier, enabling quick travel between Golconda and Hyderabad. Hyderabad was named as the City of Hyder after the title of the Fourth Caliph Ali. Many people though, commonly believe that the city of "Hyderabad" was named after the people as their residence as "City of the Brave" from the Persian words "Hyder/Haider" (Persian and Urdu meaning lion or brave and "Abad/Abaad" (Persian and Urdu meaning abode or populated) after surviving the plaque epidemic that ravaged Golkonda. There is another urban myth and folklore which may be an apocryphal that the Sultan named it after his wife Hyder Mahal(not likely he gave her a male name or title). Lack of space for expansion in Golconda fort city made the Sultan called up his best of advisers to search for a new virgin wooded elevated land site near a river void of any man-made structures or monuments. The city concept was planned on grid-iron pattern reflective of well related precincts with an iconic monument as the main foci. He also ordered the construction of the Char Minar in 1591 a tall structure to oversee the urban development and to keep watch of the river banks flooding the nearby areas causing epidemics of grave nature.

Mughal conquest and rule!

Mughal conquest and ruleBy the mid-17th century, politics in the Deccan were ready for yet another tectonic shift. Mughal prince Aurangzeb spent most of his time in the Deccan fighting local Hindu and Muslim kingdoms to establish and enforce Mughal Sovereignty. After the death of Shah Jahan in 1666, Aurangzeb consolidated his power in Delhi as Emperor and returned to the south. He spent most of his imperial reign in military camps in the Deccan, in an almost desperate campaign to expand the empire beyond the greatest extent it had reached under Akbar. The biggest prize in his eyes was the rich city of Hyderabad, protected by the reportedly impregnable fort of Golconda.

[edit] Hyderabad Falls to the MughalsAurangzeb with his brave commanders Khwaja Abid Siddiqi (Qulich Khan)s/o Shaikh Mir Ismail Siddiqi and Qaziuddin Siddiqi (Feroze Jung) father and son laid siege to Golconda in 1686. Golconda held fast under months of siege, and Aurangzeb had to retreat in frustration. Aurangzeb returned in 1687 and laid siege for 9 months camping in the Fateh Maidan ("victory field," now the Lal Bahadur Stadium). Khwaja Abid Siddiqi (Qulich Khan) died in these war and was buried at Kismatpur near Attapur Hyderabad. Local legend has it that the fortress held on, but the gates were opened at night by a saboteur Abdullah Khan Pani who was bribed by Aurangzeb. Sultan Abul Hassan Tana Shah, the seventh king of the dynasty, was taken prisoner. Hyderabad's independence was eclipsed. Aurangzeb's efforts would turn out largely in vain, with Hyderabad remaining in Mughal hands for less than four decades.

For a few decades, Hyderabad declined, and its vibrant diamond trade was all but destroyed. Aurangzeb's attention moved away quickly to other parts of the Deccan, with the Marathas slowly but steadily gaining ground against the Mughal

The Asaf Jahis

Viceroys Become KingsWith the emaciation of the Mughal Empire after Aurangzeb's death in 1707, the Mughal-appointed governors of Hyderabad gained more autonomy from Delhi. In 1724,Chin Qulich Khan Asaf Jah I Mir Qamaruddin Siddiqi son of Qaziuddin Siddiqi and grandson of Khwaja Abid siddiqi (Qulich Khan), who was granted the title Nizam-ul-Mulk ("governor of the country") by the Mughal emperor, defeated a rival official to establish control over Hyderabad. Thus began the Asaf Jahi dynasty that would rule Hyderabad until a year after India's independence from Britain.

Hyderabad Starts Growing AgainAsaf Jah's successors ruled as Nizams of Hyderabad. The rule of the seven Nizams saw the growth of Hyderabad both culturally and economically. Hyderabad became the formal capital of the kingdom and Golconda, the former capital, was all but abandoned. Survey work on Nagarjuna Sagar had also begun during this time.

A Delicate Balancing GameWhen the British and the French spread their hold over the country, successive Nizams won their friendship without bequeathing their power. The Nizams allied themselves with each side at different times, playing a significant role in the wars involving Tipu Sultan of Mysore, the British and the French. During the reign of the third Nizam, Sikandar Jah, the city of Secunderabad was founded to station French troops and subsequently, British troops. The British stationed a Resident at Hyderabad and their own troops at Secunderabad, but the state continued to be ruled by the Nizam. Hyderabad, under the Nizams, was the largest princely state in India, with an area larger than England, Scotland and Wales combined. It was considered the "senior-most" princely-state, and within the elaborate protocols of the Raj, its ruler the Nizam was accorded a 21-gun salute. The State had its own currency, mint, railways, and postal system. There was no income tax.
IndustrialisationVarious industries emerged in pre-independence Hyderabad, the major industries that were established in various parts of Hyderabad/Telengana.
 

Hyderabad Today

Hi-Tech-City (Cyberabad

New Hyderabad Airport

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Hyderabad Chief Minister
Mr. K Chandra Shekar Rao

From a Student leader and MLA to Chief Whip, Legislative Assembly Speaker to Chief Minister, his was a steady journey of success. The young and dynamic Congress leader, Nallari Kiran Kumar Reddy took over as Chief Minister of Andhra Pradesh at a most crucial juncture. He gets the onerous responsibility to lead the destiny of the most progressive State--Andhra Pradesh with high expectations. Mr. Kiran Kumar Reddy was sworn in as the 16th Chief Minister of Andhra Pradesh

The Hyderabadi Muslim cultural influence left over from the former princely state is very strong in Hyderabad and in the diaspora communities of Hyderabadi Muslims. Since the IT industry boom in Hyderabad, the city grew rapidly in terms of construction, new job opportunities. This led to the migration of people to Hyderabad from all over India & other countries.

Hyderabad is known for its famous historical monuments such as Charminar, Makka Masjid, Golconda Fort, Falaknuma Palace, Qutub Shahi Tombs, and Birla Mandir.

Hyderabad is famous for Hyderabad Biryani, a Hyderabadi biryani dish made with basmati rice and goat meat.

Hyderabad is considered the second most important information technology (IT) city in South India. The city is home to hundreds of IT Companies in its HighTech City, Gachibowli and IT PARK.

Telugu is most widely spoken language in  Andhra Pradesh but  in Hyderabad most of the population speaks Urdu, in particular, the unique Dakhani dialect. There is a small number of Hindi speakers. Lastly, some people speak English too, often as a second or third language.

The political party All India Majlis-e-Ittehadul Muslimeen, founded by Bahadur Yar Jung, enjoys prominent support amongst Muslims. Also, there is a strong following of other parties, such as Congress, TDP (Telugu desam party) with both Hindu and Muslim support, and the TRS party, formed with the intention of separation of the Telangana region (the part of the Nizams' state which was merged with Andhra Pradesh) as a State, Telangana Rashtra Samiti (TRS).

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